Saturday, March 14, 2020
Teaching methods Essay Example Teaching methods Essay Teaching methods Essay Learning teaching methods In the last two years, I have been part-time teachers for many times. But actually most of the time, I was conducting my class from my nature feeling. After I learned some teaching methods this semester, I really gain a lot. We have learned six teaching methods: Audio Lingual Method, Direct Method, Total Physical Response, Suggestopedia, Natural Approach, and the Community Language Learning. Audio Lingual Method is a oral- based approach. It drills students in the use of grammatical sentence patterns. It has a strong theoretical and base in linguistics and psychology. It was thought that the way to acquire the sentence patterns of the target language was through conditioningsÃ¢â¬ helping learners to respond correctly to stimuli through shaping and reinforcement. Learners could overcome the habits of their native language and form the new habits required to the target language speakers. The Goal of this method is: Students to be able to use the target language communicatively Role of the teacher students: Teacher- like an orchestra leader, directing and controlling the language behavior of her students; responsible for providing her students with a good model for imitation Students- initators of the teachers model or the tapes she supplies of model speakers Some characteristics of the teaching / learning process: 1 . new vocabulary and structural are presented through dialogs 2. he dialogs are learned through imitation and repetition 3. drills are conducted based upon the patterns present in the dialog. 4. students successful responses are positively reinforced. 5. grammar is induced from the examples given. 6. explicit grammar rules are not provided. 7. cultural information is involved in the dialogs opinions towards language and culture: anguage: every language is seen as having its own unique system, which is comprised of several different levels. Each level has its own distinctive patterns. Culture: culture consists of the everyday behavior and lifestyle of the target language speakers. The process of this method is: Empnaslze: The oral/ aural skills Native language: It is thought to be interfere with the students attempt to master the target language. Evaluation: Not obvious Respond to errors: Students errors are to be avoided if at all possible through the teachers awareness of where the students will have difficult and restriction of what they are taught to say.
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Jane Eyre - Coursework Example On the very first page it is made clear that the prevailing upper class view of childhood is one of repression and dominance, since Jane finds herself in a new family, but not of the same status as the original children in that family. The mother, Mrs Reed makes it clear that Jane is an outsider, because of her birth, and that she is inferior and must learn to submit to those who are in some indefinable way superior to her when she says: Ã¢â¬Å"Jane, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like cavillers or questioners: besides, there is something truly forbidding in a child taking up her elders in that manner. Be seated somewhere; and until you can speak pleasantly, remain silent.Ã¢â¬ (Bronte: 1922, p. 1) The tone of this cold mother figure is that of criticism and command, making it quite clear that Jane does not deserve the privileges of upper class childhood, because she does not possess the ability to hide her own feelings, keep quiet, and submit to the will of adults. The other children in the famil y, and their nurse Bessie, conspire to treat her with contempt and, at times violence, but the blame for any conflict always falls upon Jane. Appalled by the unjustness of it all, JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s instinct to use her reason against this Ã¢â¬Å"unupportable oppressionÃ¢â¬ (Bronte: 1922, p. 9) is what saves her from being completely overcome. This shows a child who has developed a strong sense of right and wrong, and a firm determination to endure the hardships of childhood so that she can escape into a time where she can make her own decisions. There is a long tradition in European literature of works about childhood, and they often take the form of the Bildungsroman which is a German term meaning a novel of education. Kern defines this genre as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"The central feature of the Bildungsroman is the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s progress of psychological and moral growing and developing from childhood until finally maturity. The central figure has a good look at certain fields in lif e and works out his relation to them until he finally achieves true self-knowledge and is in accord with the world and himself.Ã¢â¬ (Kern: 2007, p. 4) The purpose of childhood in this genre is to provide a starting point for this journey of self-discovery. JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s unhappiness in her adoptive family is soon replaced by another kind of institutionalized unhappiness at the dreadful boarding school called Lowood. Here all the proper and dutiful attitudes of female childhood are drummed into the girls. The language used by the first person narrator makes it seem like a prison, and the religiosity of the regime is linked again and again with the extreme cold: Ã¢â¬Å"Sundays were dreary days in that wintry season. We had to walk two miles to Brocklebridge Church, where our patron officiated. We set out cold, we arrived at church colder Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å" (Bronte: 1922, p. 55) Bronte stresses the cold and the poverty partly to emphasise the warmth and consoling power of human relation ships. In the absence of parents, Jane finds inspiration in her admiration for Miss Temple, and in the absence of brothers and sisters, she finds affection for Helen Burns. Eyre shows a childhood that is filled with physical hardship and yet an inner core of humanity remains within the child Jane,
Monday, February 10, 2020
Business Communication High School - Essay Example This will be a truly blessed opportunity to see the developmental work we have successfully achieved with your invaluable help in the past years. It will also be a wonderful opportunity for our kids to show off their skills and their gratitude. While it has been said that "it takes a village to raise a child", nothing can be truer for our kids at inner city New York, where much work still remains to be done to make our city safer, and our kids more fully aware of the emerging issues that concern everyone, even them. Now, there are a couple of ways wherein you can truly participate: one is to drop by and read our special stories for the day to the kids, stories that will highlight the little things they can do to help the community; or you can send a check with the enclosed business reply mail form. So please mark the 20th of May 2009 off your calendar and let us get together at the Seniors for Kids Day Care Center beginning at 10 in the morning. And remember, whatever little helps-after all the kids of inner city New York are your kids too.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Exercises and Problems Essay Trudy Company incurred the following costs. 1. Sales tax on factory machinery purchased $ 5,000 2. Painting of and lettering on truck immediately upon purchase 700 3. Installation and testing of factory machinery 2,000 4. Real estate brokerÃ¢â¬â¢s commission on land purchased 3,500 5. Insurance premium paid for first yearÃ¢â¬â¢s insurance on new truck 880 6. Cost of landscaping on property purchased 7,200 7. Cost of paving parking lot for new building constructed 17,900 8. Cost of clearing, draining, and filling land 13,300 9. ArchitectÃ¢â¬â¢s fees on self-constructed building 10,000 Items of property, plant and equipment should be initially recorded at cost. Costs include all costs in which are necessary to assure the assets are in working condition for their intended use. This includes original purchase prices along with costs of site preparations, delivery, handling, installation, professional fees included for architects and engineers with estimations for dismantling and removing these assets for restoration of original site. Knowing managements intended use comes in very handy and is extremely important when applying this cost principle. Cost principle assets are to be recorded at cost this equals the value which was reciprocated at the time of the attainment. Assets in the United States like land and buildings appreciate in value over a given period of time these items do not get revalued for future financial reporting. Shipping costs form part of the asset costs, however; the cost of accidental insurance or any type of insurance during the later periods are recurring expenses which benefit and is not received for short term, less than a year therefore; it does not get included within the costs of assets. References: Weygandt, J. J., Kimmel, P. D., Kieso, D. E. (2010). Financial accounting (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Introduction: Capital punishment is the most severe form of corporal punishment as it requires law enforcement officers to kill the offender. It has been banned in many countries, in the United States, an earlier move to eliminate capital punishment has now been reversed and more and more states are resorting to capital punishment for serious offenses such as murder. An Eye for and eye, a life for a life, who has never heard of the famous lex talionis? The Bible mentions it, and people have been using it regularly for centuries. We use it in reference to burglary, adultery, love and many other situations. However, some people use it on a different level, some people use it in reference to death. One steals from those who have stolen from him, one wrongs those who have wronged him, but do we really have the right to kill those who have killed. Today, there is a big controversy over capital punishment whether or not it works, or if it is morally right. We have a certain privilege on our own lives, b ut do the lives of others belong to us as well? Do we have the right to decide the kind of lives others can or cannot live? We find someone guilty of murder and sentence him to death, does that not make murderers out of ourselves? Can justice justify our acts? Those who assist in the death penalty are they not partners in crime? Is the death penalty a "Cruel and Unusual" punishment or is it now a necessary tool in the war on crime? With the increase in crime and violence in our society, how does the death penalty affect a North American family. History of the Death Penalty: Use of the death penalty has declined throughout the industrial Western World since the 19th century. In 1972, movement in America to have the death penalty declared unconstitutional during the landmark case of Furman v. Georgia, which declared the death penalty cruel and unusual punishment. However, after a supreme court decision in 1975, Gregg v. Georgia, which stated capital punishment did not violate the eighth Amendment, executions commenced again under state supervision. (Van der Haag, 1975, 3-4) The debate: Deterrence: There are four major issues in the capital punishment debate, the first being deterrence. A major purpose of criminal punishment is to deter future criminal conduct. The deterrence theory suggests that a rational person will avoid criminal behavior if the severity of the punishment outweigh the benefits of the illegal conduct.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Perception refers to how a person connects to their environment. In order to respond appropriately, people interpret messages and events in their environment as they perceive them. However complexity of the environment may sometimes bring about perceptual errors as the individual tries to take short cuts to process all the information. Reason for Selection: Errors in perception may sabotage a great business prospect especially if the misconception is personal. Perceptual areas include stereotyping where an individual assigns to a person certain attributes just because he belongs to a particular class or group of people. A phenomenon called halo effect may also result from errors in perception. It involves generalizing a variety of individuals characteristics based on only knowledge of one attribute. An individual may also single out information that supports a particular belief while ignoring any contrasting information. This is referred to as selective perception. Other times one may find the need to protect their own self concept and assign to others characteristics or feelings they possess themselves. Application to a business or personal situation: While working in Kenya for a pharmaceutical company whose manufacturing plant is in India, I had to pick the Senior International Brands manager at the airport. Being his first time in Kenya his perception was Kenyans being Africans donÃ¢â¬â¢t have enough resources to own motor vehicles for personal transit and openly said so to a taxi driver, the driver stopped the car threw out our luggage and sped of angrily mumbling to himself and since it was raining and we were already a few kilometers off the airport we had to stay at the road for hours to get another cab. Action or steps taken to improve: Asking my clients in a friendly way how they do particular things appreciate and point out how wonderful it is to have diversity in our business world. Try to come up with ways you can make use of particular attributes that you possess in a positive way or try and change yourself. Whenever you are in doubt about any particular fact about your client to kindly ask for explanation from the client. References Squidoo (2010). A goldmine of journal Writing Prompts. Retrieved on 25th July, 2010, from http://www. squidoo. com/journalwritingprompts
Monday, January 6, 2020
Thinness equals success is the notion that many college-aged, upper-middle class, white women looking to become part of professional society hold today. The Culture of Slenderness has many ways of exerting its influence and fulfilling its aims effectively (Toro, Cervera, Perez, 1988, pg.136). This message has been exploited by the media and by societys professional work force. Since the womans arrival into professional society, a new norm has been set by white professional men that has begun to affect a new generation of white women leaders. Not only do they feel that it is necessary to maintain an intellectual edge, but also a slim figure to succeed. The Figures This target group of women are striving to reach oftenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Being a desirable norm of this society, these women entering the professional world are trying to fit this and other norms and end up living dysfunctional lives through no fault of their own. The Process White women are socialized from a very young age to believe that it is important to be slim and maintain a certain body image (Sally Jessy Raphael Show, Aug. 17, 1990). Young girls often begin the treacherous cycle of diet and exercise by trying to win the affection and respect of their fathers. This is particularly true of the daughters of professional white men. These men know what it takes to achieve success in professional society and often instill the same values in their daughters. Research indicates that fathers who do not believe their daughters to be very intelligent tend to want them to be slim, so that they present the image of an intellect (Silverstein, Perdue, Peterson, Vogel and Fantini, 1986, pg. 907). Not only do young girls begin internalizing these norms in their homes, but also in school. Many young white girls consistently compete for the attention of young men. These girls feel that they must look like models in magazines and be thin to attract boyfriends. I just want to have a boyfriend, says one anorexic teen (People, 1996). Searching for social acceptance, young girls often take theirShow MoreRelated Weight-Loss and the Weight of the Media Essay1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWeight-Loss and the Weight of the Media Ã Ã Ã Ã The media bombards us with advertisements and articles about weight-loss supplements. We cannot turn on the television or radio without seeing or hearing an advertisement for Dexatrim, and we cannot flip through a magazine without seeing an advertisement or article about Metabolife. The manner in which different media sources treat weight-loss supplements greatly influences the publics perception of these products. 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